History vacations
Done Disney and Seaworld? Try these family trips
You've done Disneyland, SeaWorld and all the other California vacations and you want this year's vacation to be something special. You want your kids to actually learn something during their time off from school, but not be bored to tears.

Well we have good news. California is rich in historical destinations that are not only educational but fun for the entire family. Here are some examples:

Angel Island

Angel Island is a prominent part of the  1San Francisco Bay panorama and has been a popular destination for hiking, biking and exploration for the decades since it became a state park in the 1950's. Only accessible by boat, the island is a quick ferry ride from Fisherman's Wharf and an especially good day trip for San Francisco visitors. When they arrive on the island, they'll find a quiet, peaceful, almost idyllic landscape with pretty coves, modest hills and picture-postcard vistas of the Golden Gate Bridge and Marin County.

While on the island, visitors are able to enjoy all of the historic buildings that are normally open to the public, including the Immigration Station, which played a big role in California history.

Visitors arrive at Ayala Cove where most summer days and off-season weekends there are services such as a café and small store, and places where visitors can rent bikes or Segways for touring the island. There's also a one-hour tram tour around the island. But if you're on foot, be prepared for some exercise - it's about 30 to 60 minutes of walking to any one attraction, although there are plenty of stopping points and great Bay views all along the way.

One short trip from the landing is to the Immigration Station Barracks and grounds, just a 30-minute walk to the northeast. Most people have heard of Ellis Island and the immigrants who came to New York by way of that immigration station, but many don't realize that San Francisco had this very similar station on Angel Island. When you visit the Barracks, you'll see the dramatic wall carvings left by Asian immigrants who were detained here an average of two to three weeks while entering the country. Most immigrants affected where Chinese, who were the objects of legislation to limit their immigration to the U.S. The poems on the walls are written in Chinese and span the years from 1910 up until 1940 when the Immigration Service left the island.

But the Immigration Station is just part of the story of Angel Island, which offers a rich tapestry of military history that had soldiers based here for 99 years from 1863 to 1962.

A good way to see the island is to take the Perimeter Road to the southwest from Ayala Cove. In about a mile, you come to Camp Reynolds, where the officers' quarters are still intact and available for tour. Some of buildings are authentic from 1863, while others were constructed in the 1870s and 1880s and are positioned around a unique parade ground - odd because it's not flat.

Further along Perimeter Road you pass the trails to Mt. Livermore, the highest point on the island and destination for many hikers who visit the island. With an elevation gain of 788 feet, the hike is fairly hearty, but not difficult.

Keep going on Perimeter road and you come to another part of the island's military history: the remnants of the Nike Ajax missile site. These were cold war era non-nuclear missiles that were stored in magazines here on the island where they could be brought out and launched in time of hostilities. And futher along is Fort McDowell, a beehive of activity during World War II, but operating on the island for all the years from 1900 to 1946. For more information on Angel Island, phone 415-435-3972 or visit www.angelisland.org.

Columbia State Historic Park

 1History buffs could hardly do better than a visit to California's Gold Country in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada where gold was discovered in the mid-19th Century, setting off a population explosion that helped shape what California is today. And maybe the best place to get a sense of what it all was like back then is Columbia State Historic Park, hailed as the state's best preserved ghost town.

Actually, Columbia is far from a ghost town. Several local business owners are alive and well, thank you, operating park concessions that help re-create the feeling of a town in the Gold Rush era. On any given day you'll find people all over town dressed like it was still the 1800's and doing all they can to create the illusion that you are traveling back in time.

Columbia's Main Street does look like a movie set except that the downtown stores are not just storefronts but actual historical buildings. There are about 40 brick buildings and 10 wooden structures all built back in the day when thousands of miners would come into town to get their supplies before returning to gold claims that ultimately produced $67 million worth of gold between 1850 and 1870. That may not be impressive using today's price of gold, but when you consider that gold sold back then for just $20 an ounce, you start to realize that this area's gold production was massive.

Columbia got its start in 1850 when a group of prospectors were caught in a rain storm and, while drying out their gear, John Walker — no, not that John Walker — decided to look for gold. He found so much that, within six weeks, thousands of miners had descended on the area in search of their fortunes. By 1852, more than 150 stores, shops, saloons and other businesses were operating in Columbia. By 1853, as many as 30,000 people lived there. Once mining had run its course, the town's buildings deteriorated to the point that, in 1945, the state stepped in and began restoration efforts. Columbia became a state historic park and now includes the largest single collection of California gold rush-era structures.

For more information on Columbia State Park, call 800-777-0369 or visit www.parks.ca.gov.

Sacramento museums

If you thought Sacramento was just any old state  1capital, be sure to plan an extra couple of days next time you're driving through the area. The city is like a theme park for historians, art lovers and just about anyone who wants to know more about the Golden State.

It's tempting to say it's a theme park for adults — but it's really not just for adults. In fact, a visit to Sacramento probably will be one of the most beneficial field trips your youngsters will ever take. They'll learn about government, the Old West, railroads, Native Americans, the Gold Rush and several other subjects featured in dozens of Sacramento exhibits and museums. We stopped by the Sacramento Convention and Visitors Bureau, where we obtained maps and a long list of attractions in the city. The CVB is just around the corner from highlights like the Governor's Mansion and the many beautifully maintained Victorian homes and architecture found throughout the downtown area.

Check out the State Capitol Museum with its exhibits and artifacts from the Great 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and a newly unveiled 3-D movie on the disaster.

The Crocker Art Museum is located in one of the city's most beautiful Victorian homes and is, in fact, the oldest art museum in the West. Founded in 1873, the museum today displays original European and master drawings as well as 19th-Century California paintings, sculptures and Asian art. For history buffs, maybe the best place in town to go is Old Sacramento, which has a number of museums including the California Military Museum, Discovery Museum History Center, the Old Sacramento Interpretive Center, the Old Sacramento Schoolhouse Museum and the Wells Fargo History Museum.

Topping the historical list is the California State Railroad Museum which is said to be one of the country's best railroad museums. The 100,000-square-foot museum features many actual railcars as well as various real locomotives. A train station replica allows you to see what a 19th Century station was like and, in spring and summer months, the museum offers steam train rides.

Be sure and visit Old Sacramento, which attempts to re-create much of the city's early atmosphere and it seems to be working — it now attracts more than 5 million visitors each year. The area has been restored with cobblestone streets, gaslamps and wooden sidewalks, and you do get the feeling of walking through a town from the Old West.

For more information on Sacramento, contact the Sacramento Convention and Visitors Bureau at 1-800-292-2334 or visit www.discovergold.org.
PHOTOS: View from Camp Reynolds on Angel Island; Columbia State Historic Park; Sacramento Capitol Building
PHOTO CREDITS: Photos by Cary Ordway
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